Jamaican/Rastafari word for VITAL, ORGANIC, NATURAL, WHOLESOME… real roots

Kendrick Lamar samples Jamaican singer’s “Every N*gger Is A Star” on new album

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This is a 2009 post from my first blog about a tune called “Every Nigger is A Star”. At the time I was an anthropology and media undergrad student in New York exploring the intersection of Caribbean and black American culture in history and in the present. Urbanmediaoutlet became and I went on to name an interview category Every Nigga Is A Star where I asked creatives like Minka and Protoje random questions that anyone could most likely answer –  hence “every nigga.”

Obviously, its a notion that has stuck with me a long time so when I heard the opening of Kendrick Lamar’s new album I instantly knew I had to find this post because it has a lot of valuable info about that “WTF you just said” term.

Kendrick Lamar opened his 2015 album To Pimp A Butterfly with ‘Wesley’s Theory’, a track that samples “Every Nigger is A Star” by Jamaican singer Boris Gardiner. Gardiner didnt do much as a singer but it is amazing how this one song has sparked so many other creatives to produce hot ish. Most Jamaicans (in Jamaica) will know Gardiner though… he sings “I wanna wake up with you.”

FYI There was a Every Nigger is a Star movie too.

I’ll be unearthing a lot more of these old writings as I gear up to become active on Ital Mama again. Also, just because a lot of them are still relevant to today’s pop culture like this one below.



NOVEMBER 19 2009 posted on

My dad used to used to sing this to us as yout’s. We thought he was crazy but we came to find out years later its a real song.

I should also mention that in 1974 Big Youth made a more popular version (I-Threes on backing vocals) and Frankie Paul did a version in 1991.  

Supercat also gained inspiration from the song with not one, but TWO songs coming from this meds.  Listen to the Don Dada on the obvious “Every Nigger is a Star” but also make sure that you notice the melody and lyrics of his very popular 1992 release “Nuff Man A Dead”:

“Im not sure anymore

Who is knocking at my door (door)

The places that I knew

Jah man, its so sunny and blue

I-man can see it in the sky (sky)

Tenor Saw already die

Me say me oh me oh my my”

is a take on Gardiner’s “Every Nigger is a star”: 

“Im not sure anymore 

Just how it happened before

The places that I knew

Were sunny and blue

I can feel it deep inside 

This black niggers pride…”

Ready for another 6 degrees of separation from “Every Nigga is A Star”? Kanye West’s 2007 release Graduation featured a tune with Mos Def called “Good Night” where Mos sings the “Im not sure anymore…” hook from Supercat. Yaadie dem large nuh bloodclaat!!!

I love when I make these connections! Respect due to Boris Gardiner, his version came first:

From the Jamaica Sunday Gleaner (Nov 8 2009) Mel Cooke “Story of the Song”series:

The ‘n’ word, the most stinging name that could be thrown at a black person, has had a curious relatively recent history, springing up in rap as an accepted reference for black performers and their ‘homies’. Naturally, this was paralleled on the streets, with many a young black male referring to his close friends as “ma niggers”.

A couple decades earlier, though, as Michael Manley surged to Jamaica House on a wave of black pride, and The Wailers broke new ground with Catch a Fire, Boris Gardiner was contracted to do the soundtrack of the movie Every Nigger is a Star. And, along with his brother, Barrington Gardiner, he wrote a song of the same name to head the soundtrack, which he created for the flick.

One of the best ever

Gardiner got involved in the project through Eddie Knight, owner of the Bronco Club in Union Square, Cross Roads, where he played with the Broncos band. It developed into The Boris Gardiner Happening, which had regular gigs at The Courtleigh Hotel, but when actor Colin Lockhart contacted Knight about the movie, Knight, in turn, got in touch with Gardiner.

“I had the experience so I took it,” Gardiner said. “I had done the music for the pantomime Music Boy in 1969,” he added, naming it as one of the best ever. “Oliver Samuels made his debut, Fae Ellington was the reader backstage. Miss Lou, Maas Ran, Buddy Pouyatt, all of the greats were in it,” he said.

So “I took the contract, made the deal, sat down with my brother”. And, having been given a sense of what was happening in the movie Every Nigger is a Star, they set about making the soundtrack.

The opening lines of the title song (“I’m not sure anymore just how it happened before/The places that I knew were sunny and blue”), Gardiner says, sees the person in the song in a reflective mood, looking back at generations past and events that had occurred. The ‘sunny and blue’ refers to Africa, then comes the fortitude and self-belief (“I can feel it deep inside, this black nigger’s pride”), which are given voice:

“I have no fear when I say and I say it every day

Every nigger is a star.”

The second verse speaks to loneliness and, eventually, a belief in a better place of acceptance and recognition:

“I have walked the streets alone

Twenty years I’ve been on my own

To be hated and despised

No one to sympathise

But there’s one great thing I know

You can say I told you so

We’ve got a bright place in the sun

Where there’s love for everyone

And every nigger is a star.”

“It is not knocking anyone, but it is turning around the word ‘nigger’ to make it more positive,” Gardiner said.

Not deep in reggae

He did Every Nigger is a Star as a ballad and tells The Sunday Gleaner, “Maybe I was not deep in reggae at the time. And as a balladeer, I thought it would appeal more to the public. They would understand it more.”

Gardiner does not know if Every Nigger is a Star was ever released as a single, as he had no control over the song, and comments: “In those days, we did not have our things together. And we got burnt. Ninety-nine per cent of us in the business lost a lot.”

The movie lost a lot, too, as it did not turn out how it had been conceptualised. “They did not really have a strong movie. It came out like a documentary in the long run. Carib packed to capacity, waiting on something to happen. People were very disappointed. The movie flopped,” Gardiner said.


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